The preconditions of the secularization process in the history of society

  • Н. Ж. Байтенова Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • К. Т. Туганбаев Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • А. Р. Альмухаметов Egyptian University of Islamic culture “Nur-Mubarak”

Abstract

The article analyzes the roots of the origin of the main religious concepts and concepts, the reasons for the high position of the religious outlook in the human society, the complication of social relations and the history of the types of thinking opposing religious consciousness, as well as the reasons for the diminishing role of religion. At the initial stage of the history of the development of public consciousness, the primary function was the regulative function of religion, in connection with which religion as a social institution was the guarantor of the implementation of generally accepted norms and laws forthe public. Thus, religion, satisfying the needs of human life, led to the integration of society, setting thestandard of social behavior from day to day, reflected in the customs. The regulation of the social environmentthrough religious rites and rituals has become an integral part of human life and maintaining amoral attitude has become a prerequisite for adapting to the environment. From time to time, for the purposesof regulating, normalizing and observing the norms of human behavior, established prohibitionsand dogmas were formed. In the article, the propagation of Greek philosophy in prism by the Christianreligion in Europe is investigated as a necessary condition for inducing the process of secularization inEurope. This shows that this process in the New Age, in the era of the Reformations and the Renaissance,leads to a social rationalization of faith, based on rational and empirical evidence.Key words: religion, secularization, rationalism, faith, deism, pantheism.
Published
2018-09-13
How to Cite
БАЙТЕНОВА, Н. Ж.; ТУГАНБАЕВ, К. Т.; АЛЬМУХАМЕТОВ, А. Р.. The preconditions of the secularization process in the history of society. Journal of Philosophy, Culture and Political Science, [S.l.], v. 60, n. 2, p. 4-14, sep. 2018. ISSN 2617-5843. Available at: <http://bulletin-philospolit.kaznu.kz/index.php/1-pol/article/view/507>. Date accessed: 12 dec. 2018.